Anushka Mittal in this paper explains the importance of the whistle-blowers in India and suggests many measures to protect them from an economic analysis.

Abstract

Whistle-blower protection is necessary across all sectors;
public and private. In India, whistle-blowing in public sector is
governed statutorily by the Whistle-blower Protection Act, 2011.

It provides the procedure to file a complaint, conduct
enquiry and provide protection to whistle-blowers. There have
been many instances of whistle-blower deaths. The deaths
caused by an activity such as whistle-blowing indicate the
deep rooted malaise in the entire system of governance of a
nation. The process to seek protection against threats is long
drawn and time-consuming enough to cause detriment in the
intervening period. Against this status quo, this article
recommends a better mechanism to provide protection to the
whistle-blowers. The recommendation aims to provide
mandatory interim protection to an applicant. The
recommendation tries to resolve the classic dilemma between
a rule and a standard.The provision for whistle-blower
protection, as it stands, is an ex-post standard whereby the
enforcement and information cost is high. The
recommendation proposes an ex-post rule regime whereby the
promulgation cost, though high, would be justified due to the
clarity and vital protection that it provides to the
stakeholders. The recommendation is based on the use of
economic analysis which signifies a new approach to deal with
an old issue.